Business and Human Rights – A Guidebook for National Human Rights Institutions
This regional supplement to Business and Human Rights – A Guidebook for National Human Rights Institutions introduces African regional frameworks and standards relevant to business and human rights, such as key human rights conventions and governance institutions of the African Union, the Action Plan for Implementing the Africa Mining Vision, and regional financial institutions.
The chapter concludes with some NHRI practice examples in the area of business and human rights. After working through this chapter you should be able to answer the following key questions:
- How do key human rights conventions and governance institutions of the African Union relate to business and human rights?
- What is the Action Plan for Implementing the Africa Mining Vision? How do the regional financial institutions and communities relate to business and human rights?
- What are the NANHRI priority areas and activities outlined in the Yaoundé Action Plan on Business and Human Rights?
Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights
"Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights:Implementing the United Nations 'Protect, Respect and Remedy' Framework" were developed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises.
The Special Representative annexed the Guiding Principles to his final report to the Human Rights Council (A/HRC/17/31), which also includes an introduction to the Guiding Principles and an overview of the process that led to their development.
The Human Rights Council endorsed the Guiding Principles in its resolution 17/4 of 16 June 2011.
Mapping Survey of African NHRIs in Business and Human Rights
NANHRI awarded the Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR) the consultancy to carry out a mapping survey of African National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI's) on business and human rights. The mapping exercise is one of the activities under a five year project collaboration (2012-2015) between NANHRI and RWI aimed at enhancing the capacity among National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI's).
The study aims to:
Identify compliant NHRI's when it comes to addressing BHR concerns and that can be used as standards for best practice.
Develop an overall action plan which identifies the steps, decisions and actions needed to implement the various recommendations of the mapping exercise, including terms of reference for any technical assistance required for building the NHRI's.
Discuss the factors that are affecting the effectiveness of NANHRI member NHRI's in mainstreaming the UN Guiding Principles as well as the Yaoundé Plan of Action.
1st Regional Workshop on Business and Human Rights in Yaound’e, Cameroon
To follow up on the outcome of the Edinburgh Conference and the commitments made by the regional NHRI Networks,Network of African National Human Rights Institutions(NANHRI), held the Yaounde regional workshop from 29 September to 1 October 2011 which culminated into the Yaoundé Plan of Action. The Yaoundé Plan of action highlighted key responsibilities of NANHRI, NHRI's, they include;
1. Capacity-building of individual NHRIs concerning business and human rights, starting with the creation of a business and human rights focal point within each institution, in line with the Edinburgh Declaration and
2. Integrating human rights and business issues into strategic plans and programmes of each NHRI, in order to guarantee adequate legal frameworks and funding for effective implementation of respect for human rights in the private sector
3. Human rights education, outreach and sensitization in collaboration with relevant stakeholders in the UN framework and the Guiding Principles on Business and Human rights, as well as the mandate of NHRI's in conformity with the Paris Principles to address business and human rights issues.